November 4th, 2009
The U.S. Department of
Energy has awarded a $5 million grant to a
L.S. Fan, internationally recognized for his expertise in energy and environmental reaction engineering, will use the grant to further develop a process he invented to convert coal and biomass to electricity while capturing carbon dioxide emissions.
A professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering, Fan has successfully demonstrated
the process, called syngas chemical looping, on a
small pilot scale. With the new grant, he will scale up the process to a 250 kW
pilot plant to obtain performance data to prove the process eventually can be commercialized for coal-based power plants, contributing
The syngas chemical looping process Fan and his research group developed uses an iron oxide-based chemical looping medium to indirectly and flexibly convert carbonaceous fuels such as coal and biomass into hydrogen and/or electricity while at the same time capturing and separating the carbon dioxide. The process is simpler and more efficient compared to conventional gasification processes. Moreover, the pollutant and greenhouse gas management cost for the syngas chemical looping process is minimal compared to conventional process schemes.
Fanís 250 kW pilot plant demonstration will be at the
Fanís team works with the Particulate Solids Research Institute to design and operate a cold flow model for the plant; Shell/CRI in preparing the iron oxide-based chemical looping medium; Babcock and Wilcox Co., Air Products and Chemicals Inc., and IWI Inc. for the design and construction of the plant; and CONSOL Energy, which will independently perform techno-economic analysis and collaborate with Ohio State and other partners on the commercialization plan.
Fanís grant is part of $151 million awarded
through the Department of Energyís recently-formed Advanced Research Projects
Agency-Energy (ĒARPA-EĒ). ARPA-E was originally established under the America
Competes Act of 2007 to develop nimble, creative and inventive approaches to
transform the global energy landscape while advancing
News media: Contact Joan Slattery Wall, engineering communications, at (614) 292-4064 or email@example.com for more information.